Unknown Soldier Monument, Baghdad

#4 of 7 in Historic Sites in Baghdad
The Monument to the Unknown Soldier is a monument in central Baghdad designed by Italian architect Marcello D'Olivo and built between 1979 and 1982. It is said to be inspired by the glorification of a martyr from the Iran–Iraq War. In 1986 the national square of Iraq, Great Celebrations square, was built near the monument, and in 1989 the Victory Arches were added to celebrate the victory of the war on Iran. The Monument represents a traditional shield dropping from the dying grasp of an Iraqi warrior. The monument also houses an underground museum.
The artificial hill is shaped like a low, truncated cone of 250 m diameter. It is surrounded by slanting girders of triangular section that are covered with marble. Red granite, stepped platforms of elliptical form lead to the dome and cubic sculpture. The steel flagpole is entirely covered with Murano glass panels fixed on stainless steel arms and displaying the national flag colours. The cantilevered dome is 42 m in diameter and follows an inclination of 12 degrees. Its external surface is clad with copper, while its inner surface features a soffit finished with pyramidal modules alternating steel and copper. The promenade is covered by a semi-circular, flat roof supported on a triangular steel bracing. The roof is covered with a copper sheet and the soffit displays V-shaped panels of stainless steel and Murano glass.
The cube beneath the shield is made of seven layers of metal, said to represent the seven levels of Jannah in the Islamic faith. Inside the layers of metal are sheets of red acrylic, said to represent the blood of the slain Iraqi soldiers. The cube itself is connected to the underground museum by a long shaft with windows that allow light to shine in from above. Inside the museum, visitors can look up at the ceiling and see through the openings leading to the cube above.
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  • The Green Zone central road to the 14 Ramadan Bridge is now open from dusk to dawn so you can drive by the monument but the police will not let you get out. Drive-by photos unless you ask them for per...  more »
  • From the Iraq - Iran war, "dictator art", but absolutley something to see, with its horrible history.  more »
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